GEOGRAPHICAL AREA: Haridwar, the Holy Land covers about 2360 sq km of land in the Western part of Uttarakhand.
LOCATION: Haridwar stretches between the latitudinal parallel of 29°58' North Latitude and the longitudinal meridian of 78.13 degree East. The city is perched at an altitude of 790 m above sea level.
AREA: 12,302 sq km
POPULATION: According to the census 2001, Haridwar has a total population of 14, 44,313.
ALTITUDE: 292.7 metres
LANGUAGES: Hindi and English
STD CODE: 0133
LITERACY RATE: Haridwar has an average literacy rate of 56.7%, lower than the state average of 72.3% out of which, male literacy rate is 64.9% and female literacy rate is only 48.5%.
SEX RATIO: Haridwar has recorded the worst sex ratio in the whole Uttarakhand as 852 females per 1000 males.
Since Haridwar is not cradled by the mountains, its weather is also affected by the conditions in other parts of Northern India. Maximum temperature in summers reaches up to 40 ºC. In winters, the temperature falls to 16.6 ºC in winters. The average rainfall throughout the year is around 2315.4 mm.
The summer months of April to June or mid July in Haridwar are generally very hot. Since the sun is unrelenting at this time, it is better to avoid this time period.
The winters are as usual very cold with chilly gusts at times. The temperature dips as low as 0.6 ºC between the months of mid November to February. Early morning mist envelopes this holy city during these winter months resulting in low visibility. The monsoon season brings some respite in the temperature with heavy downpours. During this time the River tends to have big tide and an extremely fast current. Many times the fresh water from rains brings silt from the up current.
BEST TIME TO VISIT:
The best time to visit Haridwar is the time period of October to March since then the weather remains agreeable and one can explore this religious town at leisure.